Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865. Nokia‘s headquarters are in Espoo, in the greater Helsinki metropolitan area. In 2018, Nokia employed approximately 102,000 people across over 120 countries, did business in more than 150 countries, and reported annual revenues of around €23 billion. Nokia is a public limited company listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange. It is the world‘s 415th–largest company measured by 2016 revenues according to the Fortune Global 500, having peaked at 85th place in 2009. It is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.
The company has had various industries in its 151–year history. It was founded as a pulp mill and had long been associated with rubber and cables, but since the 1990s, Nokia has focused increasingly on large–scale telecommunications infrastructures, technology development, and licensing. Nokia is also a major contributor to the mobile telephony industry, having assisted in the development of the GSM, 3G and LTE standards, and is best known for having been the largest worldwide vendor of mobile phones for a period.